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STAWAL – Urban structure, residential location choice and daily mobility

Project goals

The spatial structure of cities and urban regions and the daily mobility of the urban population are linked in multiple ways. These links are strongly mediated by the households' places of residence and other places relevant for daily activities, particularly the household members' places of work or education. Transport development is therefore closely connected to population residential location choices. This in turn affects urban development as a whole, climate emissions, traffic safety, and more. The aim of the project is to better understand (a) how residential location choice – especially moving to a different residence within a region – affects daily travel, (b) which mobility needs, requirements and aspirations affect households' residential location choices, and (c) which role travel attitudes play in the mutual interrelations between mobility and residential location choice.

The following questions are at the heart of the project:

1. Which mechanisms help understand how spatial structures and transport provision shape daily mobility? Which role is played in this respect by the location and accessibility of important daily destinations (e.g. the workplace)?

2. Which mobility needs, requirements and aspriations shape residential location choice in turn? Which role is played here by (a) transport provision, (b) subjective travel attitudes, (c) (gender) roles in (couple) households, and (d) multi-local work?

Practical benefits of the project include strategical and directly exploitable scientific knowledge about the transport effects of urban development and residential location choice, households‘ mobility needs, and an integrated, land-saving, climate-friendly urban and transport development



The project takes three complementary perspectives: mobility and location demand, mobility and location supply, and options for policy interventions into the mutual interrelations between housing and mobility. Core features are (a) panel surveys among households before and after a residential move about their mobility, life situation and attitudes on mobility and the spatial environment, and (b) cross-sectional surveys among all households in the same neighbourhoods to gain a broader picture of realised mobility and mobility needs in the neighbourhoods. Both survey parts include standardised surveys and qualitative interviews, on the one hand in terms of panel interviews (before/after) with relocating households, on the other hand in terms of focus groups with the neighbourhood population. The surveys and interviews will be implemented in three metropolitan regions, each with distinct spatial and socioeconomic characteristics (Berlin, München, Ruhrgebiet). We choose 'model neighbourhoods' that involve distinct mobility concepts and control neighbourhoods without such concepts as to evaluate the concepts.


Funding agency

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung

Funding line: MobilitätsZukunftsLabor2050

Reference number: 01UV2082A


Project partners

§  Technische Universität Dortmund, Fakultät Raumplanung, Fachgebiet Stadt- und Regionalsoziologie, Prof. Dr. Susanne Frank

§  Deutsches Institut für Urbanistik gGmbH, Forschungsbereich Mobilität, Uta Bauer


Policy partners

§  GdW Bundesverband deutscher Wohnungs- und Immobilienunternehmen e.V., Referat Stadtentwicklung, Wohnungsbau und Raumordnung, Berlin

§  Verband der Wohnungs- und Immobilienwirtschaft Rheinland Westfalen e. V. (VdW-RW), Düsseldorf

§  Bundeshauptstadt Berlin, Senatsverwaltung für Umwelt, Verkehr und Klimaschutz

§  Landeshauptstadt München, Referat für Stadtplanung und Bauordnung

§  Stadt Dortmund, Stadtplanungs- und Bauordnungsamt

§  Stadt Essen, Amt für Stadtplanung und Bauordnung

§  Stadt Lünen, Abteilung Stadtplanung

§  stattbau münchen GmbH, München

We are looking forward to being contacted by more policy partners from the real estate sector!


Coopted international partners

§  Prof. Dr.-Ing. Petter Naess, Norwegian Universi-ty of Life Sciences, Urban Sustainability research group

§  Prof. Dr. Véronique van Acker, LISER, Luxemburg


Project period

11/2020 bis 10/2023

Sub content


Katja Schimohr

send email: katja.schimohr@tu-dortmund.de

Joachim Scheiner

Tel.: 0231 755-4822

send email: joachim.scheiner@tu-dortmund.de